Can a Dependant Mother Retain Custody of Her Minor Child in Pakistan?


In Pakistan, like many other countries, child custody disputes can be a complex and emotionally charged issue. The legal system in Pakistan recognizes the importance of the best interests of the child in such cases. One common scenario that often arises is when a mother, who is financially dependent, seeks to retain custody of her minor child after a divorce or separation. In this blog, we will explore the legal framework surrounding this issue in Pakistan and understand whether a dependent mother can retain custody of her minor child.

1. The Welfare of the Child

The guiding principle in child custody cases in Pakistan is the welfare of the child. The courts prioritize the best interests and overall well-being of the minor when making custody decisions. It is essential to understand that financial dependency alone is not a decisive factor in determining custody rights. Instead, the court will evaluate various factors to ascertain what arrangement is in the child’s best interests.

2. Guardians and Wards Act 1890

The Guardians and Wards Act 1890 is the primary legislation governing child custody matters in Pakistan. Under this law, the court has the authority to appoint a guardian for a minor child. When deciding custody, the court takes into account factors such as the child’s age, gender, and health, as well as the character and capacity of each parent.

3. Gender and Custody

In Pakistan, there is a common misconception that custody is automatically awarded to the father after a certain age for male children and to the mother for female children. However, this is not accurate. The court decides custody based on the best interests of the child, regardless of gender. Therefore, even if a mother is financially dependent, she may retain custody if it is determined to be in the child’s best interests.

4. Financial Dependency and Custody

Financial dependency, although not a deciding factor, can influence custody decisions in Pakistan. If a mother is financially dependent and unable to provide for the child’s basic needs, the court may consider this when making a custody determination. However, financial dependency alone is not a sufficient reason to deny custody to a mother.

5. Custody Agreements

In many cases, parents in Pakistan may reach a mutual agreement regarding child custody without involving the court. These agreements can be presented to the court for approval, and if they are in the child’s best interests, the court is likely to accept them. In such agreements, financial arrangements and support for the child can be specified.

6. The Role of Legal Counsel

If you are a dependent mother seeking to retain custody of your minor child in Pakistan, it is crucial to consult with an experienced family lawyer. A legal expert can guide you through the process, help you understand your rights, and represent your interests in court if necessary.


In Pakistan, the custody of a minor child is determined primarily by considering the child’s best interests. While financial dependency may be a factor that the court takes into account, it is not the sole determinant. A dependent mother can retain custody of her minor child if it is established that such an arrangement is in the child’s best interests. It is essential to consult with legal professionals who are well-versed in family law to navigate the complexities of child custody cases and ensure that the rights and welfare of the child are protected.

To Top
Open chat
Scan the code
Can we help you?